Geography of Taiwan

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The average annual temperature in Taiwan is 22 °C. The average annual rainfall in Taiwan is 2500 mm/year. Taiwan emits 10.98 metric tons per capita of CO₂.

Taiwan is considered a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 35,980 km² (about 13,892 mi²). The continental shelf of Taiwan is approximately 43,016 km² (approximately 16,608 mi²). Taiwan is in Asia. Asia is the largest and most populous continent on earth. Asian countries include Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea, among others. Taiwan is not a landlocked country. It means it is bounded by at least one major body of water. The average altitude range of Taiwan is 1,150 m (3,773 ft).

Neighbors
The total length of land borders of Taiwan is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Taiwan has no land borders and therefore no neighboring countries in the traditional sense.

Cities
The capital of Taiwan is Taipei. The largest city in Taiwan is Taipei.

Elevation
The average altitude range of Taiwan is 1,150 m (3,773 ft). The highest point in Taiwan is Yu Shan with an official elevation of 3952 m (12,967 ft). The lowest point in Taiwan is the China Sea. The difference in elevation between the highest (Yu Shan) and lowest (Chinese Sea) points in Taiwan is 3952 m (2 ft).

Area
The total land area of ​​Taiwan is 35,980 km² (about 13,892 mi²). and the total Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is 83,231 km² (~32,136 mi²). The continental shelf of Taiwan is approximately 43,016 km² (approximately 16,608 mi²). Including the landmass and the EEZ, the total area of ​​Taiwan is approximately 119,211 km² (~46,027 mi²). Taiwan is considered a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and farmland
21,588 km² of Taiwan's territory is covered with forests, and forest areas account for 60% of the entire country. There are 7,742 km² of farmland in Taiwan, which accounts for 22% of the country's total area.

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